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THU al-QI’DAH or, QA’DAH –
both diacritical marks are valid.
The first of the four “Prohibited Months,” when people “sit-down” (fr. qu’ud, v. TO SIT) to rest from tribal conflict. The Arabs also called this month Warnah – fr. tawarrun, akin to tawaddun, FRAGRANCE and GRACE; and Rubbah – syn. Jama’ah, UNITY or SOLIDARITY; likewise, it is also called, Jayfal – fr. al-jafala MASSES, and other names.


LUMINARIES

Dates for Some Luminaries of Blessed Memory who were either born or passed away during the month of Thu al-Qi’dah or, Qa’dah.

THU al-QI’DAH or, QA’DAH
1 Imam Abu Ja’far Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Salaamah b. Salamah b. ‘Abd al-Malik b. Salamah b. Sulaym b. Sulayman b. Janab al-Azdi al-Hajri al-Tahawi al-Misri (321/October 29, 933). His mother is the sister of Imam Isma’il b. Yahya al-Muzani (264/878). Imams Subki (771/1370) and Isnawi (772/1371) mentioned in their Tabaqat that she was an eminent jurist in Egypt who attended the majlis of Imam Shafi’i (204/820). Imam Abu al-Qasim al-Rafi’i (624/1227) cited a narrative on her authority in the “Book of Zakat” of his al-Aziz, his seminal commentary on al-Wajiz of Imam Ghazali (505/1111)—(which is more renowned as, al-Sharh al-Kabir). Imam Tahawi authored Sharh Mushkil al-Athar, and Ikhtilaf al-‘Ulama`—that was abridged by Abu Bakr Ahmad b. ‘Ali al-Jassas al-Razi (305-370/917-980), the author of -Ahkam al-Quran. He also authored the renowned short treatise on ‘Aqidah—that would be annotated by numerous later imams, most notably Muhammd b. Abu al-‘Izz (792/1390). Abu Ja’far al-Tahawi was born 10 Rabi’ I (239/August 24, 853).

An annotated isnad to the ‘Aqidah of Imam Tahawi is available free to students upon request (currently in Arabic only).

3 Imam Abu ‘Abd-Allah Muhammad b. Ahmad b. ‘Uthman b. Qaymaz b. ‘Abd-Allah al-Fariqi al-Dahabi, al-Dimashqi (748/February 12, 1348), the grand hafiz of hadith. On his authority we narrate his Tarikh al-Islam, Siyar A’lam al-Nubala`, Tadkirat al-Huffaz Mizan al-I’ tidal, his Mu’ jam al-Muhaddithin, his abridgment of al-Rawdh al-Unuf of Abu al-Zayd al-Suhayli (581/1185), and other works. Imam Abu ‘Abd-Allah al-Dahabi was born 3 Rabi’ II
(673/October 12, 1274).

5 Birth of Imam Abu Muhammad “Ibn Hisham,” ‘Abd-Allah b. Yusuf b. Ahmad b. ‘Abd-Allah b. Hisham al-Ansari al-Misri (708/April 25, 1309), the eminent grammarian who authored Qatr al-Nada, Shudur al-Dahab, Awdhah al-Masalik, his commentary on the Alfiyyah of Imam Ibn Malik (600-672/1204-1274), and Mughni al-Labib. He passed away (761/1360).

6 “Abu al-Waqt” al-Sijzi, ‘Abd al-Awwal b. Abu ‘Abd-Allah ‘Isa b. Shu’ayb b. Ibrahim b. Ishaq al-Harawi al-Malini (553/December 7, 1158). He narrated the Sahih on the authority of Abu al-Hasan al-Dawudi (364-469/974-1076), on the authority of Abu ‘Abd-Allah Ibn Hammuyah al-Sarakhsi (293-381/905-991), on the authority of Abu ‘Abd-Allah Muhammad b. Yusuf b. Matar b. Salih b. Bishr al-Firabri (231-320/845-932), on the authority of its compiler, our eminent grandfather in fiqh and hadith, the pride of Islam, Imam Abu ‘Abd-Allah Muhammad b. Isma’il b. Ibrahim b. al-Mughirah b. Bardizbah al-Bukhari al-Ju’fi (194-256/810-870). Abu al-Waqt was born 7 Thu al-Qi’dah (458/October 6, 1066), and heard the Sahih in the year 465/1072, when he was seven years old.

10 Birth of Imam al-Muzaffar “Ibn al-Sa’aati,” Ahmad b. ‘Ali b. Taghlib al-Baghdadi (651/January 9, 1254). On his authority we narrate his Nihayat al-Wusul also known as, al-Badi’ fi Usul al-Fiqh, which uniquely combined Kanz al-Wusul ila ‘Ilm al-Usul of ‘Ali b. Muhammad b. ‘Abd al-Karim b. Musa al-Bazdawi (400-482/1010-1089) and al-Ihkam fi Usul al-Ahkam of ‘Ali b. al-Hasan b. Muhammad b. Salim al-Amidi (631/1234). His own daughter Fatimah, a jurist in her own right, annotated her father’s juridical treatise, Majma’ al-Bahrayn wa Multaqa al-Nahrayn. “Ibn al-Sa’aati” passed away in Baghdad, on 4 Jumada I, 694/March 29, 1295, and was buried near al-Junayd b. Muhammad al-Baghdadi al-Thawri (297/909).

Tz.: “Ibn al-Sa’aati,” ‘Ali b. Muhammad b. ‘Ali b. Rustum al-Khurasani al-Dimashqi (553-604/1159-1208) is a famous poet. His anthology (Diwan) is translated to English.

Tz.: “Ibn al-Sa’aati,” Ridhwan b. Muhammad b. ‘Ali b. Rustum al-Khurasani al-Dimashqi “al-Tabib” (618/1221) is a famous doctor, horologist and musician—who, like Abu Bakr al-Razi (Rhazes), was an accomplished lute player. He is the younger brother of the poet, ‘Ali. He abridged and annotated the renowned Qanun (Liber canonis) of Abu ‘Ali “Ibn Sina,” al-Husayn b. ‘Ali b. ‘Abd-Allah (428/1037), and completed his kitab al-Qawlanj, his treatise
on colic.

10 Um ‘Abd-Allah Habibah bint Ibrahim “al-‘Izz” b. ‘Abd-Allah b. Abu ‘Umar Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Qudamah al-Maqdisi (745/March 24, 1345). On her authority, we narrate Juz` al-Hasan b. ‘Arafah (257/871). She was born
in 654/1256.

10 Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Sulayman b. al-Fasi b. al-Tahir al-Susi al-Rudani (1094/October 31, 1683), the compiler of Silat al-Khalaf bi Mawsul al-Salaf, one of the most comprehensive latter athbat among our masters of hadith. He also authored Jam’ al-Fawa`id and abridged Talkhis al-Miftah of Muhammad b. ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Qazwini (666-739/1268-1338), and al-Tahrir fi Usul al-Fiqh of Imam Abu ‘Abd-Allah “Ibn al-Humam” (790-861/1388-1457). al-Hafiz al-Rudani was born in 1037/1627.

12 Birth of Imam Abu Ja’far Ahmad b. Ibrahim b. al-Zubayr al-Thaqafi al-Gharnati (627/September 29, 1230). He is our grandfather in the Qira`at and one of the eminent teachers of Imam Abu Hayyan al-Andalusi (745/1344), the author of the renowned exegesis, al-Bahr al-Muhit. On his authority, we narrate his Milak al-Ta`wil, the Tabsirah fi al-Qira`at al-Sab’ of Makki b. Abu Talib (437/1045), al-Iqna’ fi al-Qira`at al-Sab’ of Abu Ja’far Ibn al-Badish (491-540/1098-1145), and the reading of Imam Nafi’ (169/785) through its Morrocan chain (isnad). He passed away on 12 Rabi I
(708/September 7, 1308).

12 Birth of Imam Abu al-‘Abbas Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abu Bakr b. ‘Abd al-Malik b. Ahmad al-Qastallani al-Qutaybi (851/January 28, 1448). On his authority we narrate his Irshad al-Sariy, his commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari, al-Mawahib al-Ladunniyyah bi al-Minah al-Muhammadiyyah, which is annotated by Abu ‘Abd-Allah al-Zurqani, and abridged by Yusuf b. Isma’il b. Hasan b. Nasir al-Nabahani (1350/1931), his Masalik al-Hunafa ila Mashari’ al-Salat ‘ala al-Nabiy al-Mustafa. He also authored Minhaj al-Ibtihaj: Sharh Muslim b. al-Hajjaj, a commentary on Sahih Muslim, and al-Jana al-Dani fi Hall Hirz al-Amani, a commentary on the Shatibiyyah, as well as a biography of its author titled, al-Fath al-Mawahibi. He passed away 8 Muharram (923/February 10, 1517). He was married to ‘Aishah al-Ba’uniyyah (922/1516).

Tz.: ‘Abd al-Baqiy b. Yusuf b. Ahmad b. Muhammad b. ‘Ulwan al-Zurqani (1020-1099/1611-1688), is the commentator on Mukhtasar Khalil, itself annotated by Abu ‘Abd-Allah “Bannani,” Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. Mas’ud b. ‘Ali b. ‘Abd al-Wahid al-Fasi (1113-1194/1701-1780), titled al-Fath al-Rabbani.

Tz.: Abu ‘Abd-Allah “Ibn Fujlah,” Muhammad b. ‘Abd al-Baqiy (1055-1122/1645-1710), son of the above, is the annotator of al-Mawahib al-Ladunniyyah, and the commentator on the Muwatta`.

15 Abu al-Husayn “Ibn Sam’un,” Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Isma’il b. ‘Anbas b. Isma’il (387/November 24, 997). He heard from imams Abu Ja’far Muhammad b. Jarir al-Tabari (310/922), Abu Bakr b. Abu Dawud al-Sijistani (275/888) and heard the Mukhtasar of Abu al-Qasim ‘Umar b. al-Husayn b. ‘Abd-Allah al-Khiraqi (334/946) from its author. On his authority, we narrate his unique Amali, through our grandfather in Qira`at and hadith, Abu al-Yumn Zayd b. al-Hasan al-Kindi (520-613/1126-1216).

16 Um ‘Abd al-Wahhab, ‘Aishah bint Abu al-Mahasin Yusuf b. Ahmad b. Nasir b. Khalifah b. Faraj b. ‘Abd-Allah b. Yahya b. ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Ba’uniyyah al-Dimashqiyyah al-Shafi’iyyah (922/December 21, 1516), the prolific author of al-Mawrid al-Ahna fi al-Mawlid al-Asna and al-Fath al-Mubin fi Madh al-Amin, and numerous other poems in praise of the Noble Prophet Muhammad, may God’s peace and blessings be upon him and his family.

21 Imam Abu al-Hasan “Ibn al-Nafis,” ‘Ali b. Abu al-Hazm al-Qarashi (687/December 24, 1288), the eminent physician. Ibn al-Nafis authored, Sharh Fusul Abuqrat, a lucid commentary on the Aphorisms of Hippocrates (470-410 B.C.), Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun, a commentary on the anatomy section of the Liber Canonis of Ibn Sina (Avecina), and other commentaries and refutations on numerous works of Galen (131-201 C.E.), and other works. He was born
ca. 607/1210.

22 Imam Abu al-‘Abbas “Ibn Taymiyah,” Ahmad b. ‘Abd al-Halim b. ‘Abd al-Salam b. ‘Abd-Allah al-Harrani al-Dimashqi al-Hanbali (728/October 5, 1328).

23 Imam Abu Bakr Muhammad b. al-Tayyib b. Muhammad b. Ja’far b. al-Qasim al-Baqillani al-Maliki (403/June 12, 1013). On his authority we narrate his renowned I’ jaz al-Quran, al-Intisar li al-Quran, and his theological treatises al-Insaf and al-Taqrib wa al-Irshad. He was born in 338/949.

Tz.: Abu Bakr “Ibn al-Baqillani,” ‘Abd-Allah b. Mansur b. ‘Imran b. Rabi’ah al-Wasiti (Rabi’ II 29, 593/March 28, 1197), the imam of Qira`at who read on the authority of the Grand Imams Abu al-’Izz al-Qalanisi, Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Bundar al-Wasiti (435-521/1044-1127), the author of al-Irshad fi al-Qira` at al-‘ Ashr, and Abu Muhammad “Sibt al-Khayyat.” Imam Abu al-Faraj Ibn al-Jawzi read on the authority of Abu Bakr “Ibn al-Baqillani” when [Abu al-Faraj] was near eighty years of age.

Tz.: “Ibn al-Baqillani” al-Hasan b. Ma’ali b. Mas’ud b. al-Husayn (568-637/1173-1240) is a Hanafi jurist.

23 Imam Abu ‘Ali al-Hasan b. Mas’ud b. Muhammad b. ‘Ali b. Yusuf b. Ahmad b. Ibrahim b. Muhammad al-Yusi (1102/August 18, 1691), a mujtahid of the twelfth hijri century. He authored al-Qanun fi Jam’ al-‘ Ulum, al-Budur al-Lawami’, a commentary on Jam’ al-Jawami’ of Imam Subki (771/1370), Mashrab al-‘Am wa al-Khass, a prolific treatise on the Shahadah—along with his Muhadharat, his Rihlah, and other works. We narrate on his authority through Imam Abu al-Tayyib al-Shargi al-Fasi (1170/1757), the annotator of al-Qamus al-Muhit, on the authority of his aunt, Zahra bint Muhammad b. Musa al-Fasi, the wife of Imam Abu ‘Ali al-Yusi from him. He was born 1040/1361.

29 Imam Abu ‘Abd-Allah “Ibn Mandah,” Muhammad b. Ishaq b. Muhammad b. Yahya b. Ibrahim “Mandah” b. al-Walid b. Sindah b. Battah b. Fayruzan b. Jahar al-‘Abdi al-Isfahani (395/September 13, 1005). With his passing, the compilation of hadith is considered complete. We narrate his kitab al-Iman on the authority of Um Yusuf Fatimah bint Muhammad b. ‘Abd al-Hadi (719-803/1319-1401), on whose authority we also narrate his Amali and his Ardaf al-Nabiy. On his authority we also narrate Musnad Abi Hanifah of Abu Muhammad ‘Abd-Allah b. Muhammad b. Ya’qub al-Harithi (258-340/872-951)—through the authority of Zaynab “Bint al-Kamal,” and the Tafsir of Abu Muhammad “Ibn Abi Hatem” al-Razi (327/939), and his ‘Ilal, the latter work through the authority of Maryam bint Ahmad al-Adra’iyyah (719-805/1319-1403). Abu ‘Abd-Allah “Ibn Mandah,” was born 310/922, the year Imam Tabari passed away.

29 Abu al-‘Abbas “Ibn Abi Hajalah,” Ahmad b. Yahya b. Abu Bakr b. ‘Abd al-Wahid al-Tilimsani al-Misri (776/May 10, 1375), the author of Diwan al-Sababah, that inspired Abu ‘Abd-Allah “Ibn al-Khatib” al-Gharnati (713-776/1313-1374) to write his Rawdhat al-Ta’rif. “Ibn Abi Hajalah” was
born 725/1325.

Imam Abu al-Hasan ‘Ali b. ‘Umar b. Ahmad b. Mahdi b. Mas’ud b. al-Nu’man b. Dinar b. ‘Abd-Allah al-Daraqutni al-Baghdadi was born in Thu al-Qi’dah (306/April 919). He is among our eminent forefathers in hadith and Qira` at. Through his authority, we narrate kitab al-Thiqat and other works of Imam Ibn Hibban (354/965)—the compiler of the renowned Sahih: al-Taqasim wa al-Anwa’—who is one of Imam Daraqutni’s teachers. We also narrate his own Sunan—through the authority of Fatimah bint ‘Abd-Allah b. Muhammad al-Hawraniyyah (737-818/1337-1415)—his kitab al-Afrad—in its five-volume abridgment by Abu al-Fadhl Muhamad b. Tahir b. ‘Ali al-Maqdisi (408-507/1017-1113)—his al-Mu`talif wa al-Mukhtalif, al-Ilzimat wa al-Tatabbu’ and his kitab al-‘Ilal. Imam Daraqutni also passed in Thu al-Qi’dah (385/December 995).

Abu al-Husayn “Ibn Mu’ ti,” Yahya b. ‘Abd al-Mu’ ti b. ‘Abd al-Nur al-Zwawi al-Hanafi passed away in Thu al-Qi’dah (628/September 1231) the Imam of Arabic who authored the Alfiyyah that Imam Abu ‘Abd-Allah Ibn Malik (598-672/1202-1273) referred to in the beginning of his own Alfiyyah, as having had the virtue of precedence (“ fadhl al-sabq”). With due reverence and neither denial nor rebuttal, it should be noted that Imam Ahmad b. al-Mansur b. al-Agharr al-Yashkuri al-Dinawari (370/980) authored a poem in Arabic grammar (three centuries prior to Ibn Mu’ ti) that contained 2,911 verses. Its introduction alluded to numerous similar works of varying length that also preceeded it.

Imam Abu al-Thana` Mahmud b. ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abu Bakr b. ‘Ali al-Isfahani (749/February 1349), the eminent commentator on Minhaj al-Wusul of Baydhawi (719/1319) and his Tawali’ al-Anwar; and on al-Badi’ fi Usul al-Fiqh of Imam al-Muzaffar “Ibn al-Sa’ati,” Ahmad b. ‘Ali b. Taghlib al-Baghdadi (694/1295); and on the renowned Mukhtasar of Ibn al-Hajib (646/1248). Abu al-Thana` was born Sha’ban (674/1275).

Zaynab b. Sulayman b. Ibrahim b. Rahmah al-Is’irdi also passed in Thu al-Qi’dah (705/June 1306), past her eightieth year. She narrates the Sahih from our grandfather in hadith, Abu ‘Abd-Allah “Ibn al-Zabidi,” al-Husayn b. al-Mubarak b. Muhammad b. ‘Imran b. al-Musallam b. Yahya (545-631/1150-1234).

Zaynab bint Yahya b. “Sultan al-‘Ulama`,” ‘Abd al-‘Aziz b. ‘Abd al-Salam al-Sulami also passed in Thu al-Qi’dah (735/July 1335). Along with her grandfather’s works, on her authority we also narrate al-Mujam al-Saghir of Tabarani, the Juz` of al-Hasan b. ‘Arafah and numerous smaller hadith collections. She was born (648/1250).

Queen Dilshad bint Dimashq Khwaja b. Joban ruled over the affairs of Iraq in her era. Her husband was viceroy. She also passed away in Thu al-Qi’dah (752/January 1352). Dilshad is Persian for “joyful heart.”

May Allah bless and have mercy upon them all.

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