Dates for Some Luminaries of Blessed Memory who were either born or passed away during the month of Thu al-Qidah or, Qadah.
THU al-QIDAH or, QADAH
Imam Abu Jafar Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Salaamah b. Salamah b. Abd al-Malik b. Salamah b. Sulaym b. Sulayman b. Janab al-Azdi al-H
ri (321/October 29, 933). His mother is the sister of Imam Ismail b. Yahya al-Muzani (264/878). Imams Subki (771/1370) and Isnawi (772/1371) mentioned in their Tabaqat
that she was an eminent jurist in Egypt who attended the majlis
of Imam Shafii (204/820). Imam Abu al-Qasim al-Rafii (624/1227) cited a narrative on her authority in the Book of Zakat of his al-Aziz
, his seminal commentary on al-Wajiz
of Imam Ghazali (505/1111)—(which is more renowned as, al-Sharh al-Kabir
). Imam Tah
awi authored Sharh Mushkil al-Athar
, and Ikhtilaf al-Ulama
`—that was abridged by Abu Bakr Ahmad b. Ali al-Jass
as al-Razi (305-370/917-980), the author of -Ahkam al-Quran
. He also authored the renowned short treatise on Aqidah
—that would be annotated by numerous later imams, most notably Muhammd b. Abu al-Izz (792/1390). Abu Jafar al-Tah
awi was born 10 Rabi I (239/August 24, 853).
An annotated isnad to the Aqidah of Imam Tahawi is available free to students upon request (currently in Arabic only).
Imam Abu Abd-Allah Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Uthman b. Qaymaz b. Abd-Allah al-Fariqi al-D
ahabi, al-Dimashqi (748/February 12, 1348), the grand hafiz
. On his authority we narrate his Tarikh al-Islam
, Siyar Alam al-Nubala`
, Tadkirat al-Huffaz Mizan al-I tidal
, his Mu jam al-Muhaddithin
, his abridgment of al-Rawdh al-Unuf
of Abu al-Zayd al-Suhayli (581/1185), and other works. Imam Abu Abd-Allah al-D
ahabi was born 3 Rabi II
(673/October 12, 1274).
Birth of Imam Abu Muhammad Ibn Hisham, Abd-Allah b. Yusuf b. Ahmad b. Abd-Allah b. Hisham al-Ans
ri (708/April 25, 1309), the eminent grammarian who authored Qatr al-Nada
, Shudur al-Dahab
, Awdhah al-Masalik
, his commentary on the Alfiyyah
of Imam Ibn Malik (600-672/1204-1274), and Mughni al-Labib
. He passed away (761/1360).
Abu al-Waqt al-Sijzi, Abd al-Awwal b. Abu Abd-Allah Isa b. Shuayb b. Ibrahim b. Ish
aq al-Harawi al-Malini (553/December 7, 1158). He narrated the Sahih
on the authority of Abu al-Hasan al-Dawudi (364-469/974-1076), on the authority of Abu Abd-Allah Ibn H
ammuyah al-Sarakhsi (293-381/905-991), on the authority of Abu Abd-Allah Muhammad b. Yusuf b. Matar b. S
alih b. Bishr al-Firabri (231-320/845-932), on the authority of its compiler, our eminent grandfather in fiqh
, the pride of Islam, Imam Abu Abd-Allah Muhammad b. Ismail b. Ibrahim b. al-Mughirah b. Bardizbah al-Bukhari al-Jufi (194-256/810-870). Abu al-Waqt was born 7 Thu al-Qidah (458/October 6, 1066), and heard the Sah
in the year 465/1072, when he was seven years old.
Birth of Imam al-Muz
affar Ibn al-Saaati, Ahmad b. Ali b. Taghlib al-Baghdadi (651/January 9, 1254). On his authority we narrate his Nihayat al-Wusul
also known as, al-Badi fi Usul al-Fiqh
, which uniquely combined Kanz al-Wusul ila Ilm al-Usul
of Ali b. Muhammad b. Abd al-Karim b. Musa al-Bazdawi (400-482/1010-1089) and al-Ihkam fi Usul al-Ahkam
of Ali b. al-Hasan b. Muhammad b. Salim al-Amidi (631/1234). His own daughter Fatimah, a jurist in her own right, annotated her fathers juridical treatise, Majma al-Bahrayn wa Multaqa al-Nahrayn
. Ibn al-Saaati passed away in Baghdad, on 4 Jumada I, 694/March 29, 1295, and was buried near al-Junayd b. Muhammad al-Baghdadi al-Thawri (297/909).
Tz.: Ibn al-Saaati, Ali b. Muhammad b. Ali b. Rustum al-Khurasani al-Dimashqi (553-604/1159-1208) is a famous poet. His anthology (Diwan
) is translated to English.
Tz.: Ibn al-Saaati, Ridhwan b. Muhammad b. Ali b. Rustum al-Khurasani al-Dimashqi al-Tabib (618/1221) is a famous doctor, horologist and musician—who, like Abu Bakr al-Razi (Rhazes), was an accomplished lute player. He is the younger brother of the poet, Ali. He abridged and annotated the renowned Qanun
) of Abu Ali Ibn Sina, al-Husayn b. Ali b. Abd-Allah (428/1037), and completed his kitab al-Qawlanj
, his treatise
Um Abd-Allah H
abibah bint Ibrahim al-Izz b. Abd-Allah b. Abu Umar Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Qudamah al-Maqdisi (745/March 24, 1345). On her authority, we narrate Juz` al-Hasan b. Arafah
(257/871). She was born
Muhammad b. Muhammad b. Sulayman b. al-Fasi b. al-Tahir al-Susi al-Rudani (1094/October 31, 1683), the compiler of Silat al-Khalaf bi Mawsul al-Salaf
, one of the most comprehensive latter athbat
among our masters of hadith
. He also authored Jam al-Fawa`id
and abridged Talkhis al-Miftah
of Muhammad b. Abd al-Rahman al-Qazwini (666-739/1268-1338), and al-Tahrir fi Usul al-Fiqh
of Imam Abu Abd-Allah Ibn al-Humam (790-861/1388-1457). al-Hafiz
al-Rudani was born in 1037/1627.
Birth of Imam Abu Jafar Ahmad b. Ibrahim b. al-Zubayr al-Thaqafi al-Gharnati (627/September 29, 1230). He is our grandfather in the Qira`at
and one of the eminent teachers of Imam Abu Hayyan al-Andalusi (745/1344), the author of the renowned exegesis, al-Bahr al-Muhit
. On his authority, we narrate his Milak al-Ta`wil
, the Tabsirah fi al-Qira`at al-Sab
of Makki b. Abu Talib (437/1045), al-Iqna fi al-Qira`at al-Sab
of Abu Jafar Ibn al-Bad
ish (491-540/1098-1145), and the reading of Imam Nafi (169/785) through its Morrocan chain (isnad
). He passed away on 12 Rabi I
(708/September 7, 1308).
Birth of Imam Abu al-Abbas Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abu Bakr b. Abd al-Malik b. Ahmad al-Qast
allani al-Qutaybi (851/January 28, 1448). On his authority we narrate his Irshad al-Sariy
, his commentary on Sahih al-Bukhari
, al-Mawahib al-Ladunniyyah bi al-Minah al-Muhammadiyyah
, which is annotated by Abu Abd-Allah al-Zurqani, and abridged by Yusuf b. Ismail b. H
asan b. Nasir al-Nabahani (1350/1931), his Masalik al-Hunafa ila Mashari al-Salat ala al-Nabiy al-Mustafa
. He also authored Minhaj al-Ibtihaj: Sharh Muslim b. al-Hajjaj
, a commentary on Sahih Muslim
, and al-Jana al-Dani fi Hall Hirz al-Amani
, a commentary on the Shatibiyyah
, as well as a biography of its author titled, al-Fath al-Mawahibi
. He passed away 8 Muharram (923/February 10, 1517). He was married to Aishah al-Bauniyyah (922/1516).
Tz.: Abd al-Baqiy b. Yusuf b. Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Ulwan al-Zurqani (1020-1099/1611-1688), is the commentator on Mukhtasar Khalil
, itself annotated by Abu Abd-Allah Bannani, Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. Masud b. Ali b. Abd al-Wah
id al-Fasi (1113-1194/1701-1780), titled al-Fath al-Rabbani
Tz.: Abu Abd-Allah Ibn Fujlah, Muhammad b. Abd al-Baqiy (1055-1122/1645-1710), son of the above, is the annotator of al-Mawahib al-Ladunniyyah
, and the commentator on the Muwatta`
Abu al-Husayn Ibn Samun, Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Ismail b. Anbas b. Ismail (387/November 24, 997). He heard from imams Abu Jafar Muhammad b. Jarir al-Tabari (310/922), Abu Bakr b. Abu Dawud al-Sijistani (275/888) and heard the Mukhtasar
of Abu al-Qasim Umar b. al-Husayn b. Abd-Allah al-Khiraqi (334/946) from its author. On his authority, we narrate his unique Amali
, through our grandfather in Qira`at
, Abu al-Yumn Zayd b. al-Hasan al-Kindi (520-613/1126-1216).
Um Abd al-Wahhab, Aishah bint Abu al-Mah
asin Yusuf b. Ahmad b. Nasir b. Khalifah b. Faraj b. Abd-Allah b. Yahya b. Abd al-Rahman al-Bauniyyah al-Dimashqiyyah al-Shafiiyyah (922/December 21, 1516), the prolific author of al-Mawrid al-Ahna fi al-Mawlid al-Asna
and al-Fath al-Mubin fi Madh al-Amin
, and numerous other poems in praise of the Noble Prophet Muhammad, may Gods peace and blessings be upon him and his family.
Imam Abu al-H
asan Ibn al-Nafis, Ali b. Abu al-H
azm al-Qarashi (687/December 24, 1288), the eminent physician. Ibn al-Nafis authored, Sharh Fusul Abuqrat
, a lucid commentary on the Aphorisms
of Hippocrates (470-410 B.C.), Sharh Tashrih al-Qanun
, a commentary on the anatomy section of the Liber Canonis
of Ibn Sina (Avecina), and other commentaries and refutations on numerous works of Galen (131-201 C.E.), and other works. He was born
Imam Abu al-Abbas Ibn Taymiyah, Ahmad b. Abd al-H
alim b. Abd al-Salam b. Abd-Allah al-H
arrani al-Dimashqi al-H
anbali (728/October 5, 1328).
Imam Abu Bakr Muhammad b. al-T
ayyib b. Muhammad b. Jafar b. al-Qasim al-Baqillani al-Maliki (403/June 12, 1013). On his authority we narrate his renowned I jaz al-Quran
, al-Intisar li al-Quran
, and his theological treatises al-Insaf
and al-Taqrib wa al-Irshad
. He was born in 338/949.
Tz.: Abu Bakr Ibn al-Baqillani, Abd-Allah b. Mans
ur b. Imran b. Rabiah al-Was
iti (Rabi II 29, 593/March 28, 1197), the imam of Qira
who read on the authority of the Grand Imams Abu al-Izz al-Qalanisi, Muhammad b. al-Husayn b. Bundar al-Was
iti (435-521/1044-1127), the author of al-Irshad fi al-Qira
` at al- Ashr
, and Abu Muhammad Sibt
al-Khayyat. Imam Abu al-Faraj Ibn al-Jawzi read on the authority of Abu Bakr Ibn al-Baqillani when [Abu al-Faraj] was near eighty years of age.
Tz.: Ibn al-Baqillani al-Hasan b. Maali b. Masud b. al-Husayn (568-637/1173-1240) is a H
Imam Abu Ali al-Hasan b. Masud b. Muhammad b. Ali b. Yusuf b. Ahmad b. Ibrahim b. Muhammad al-Yusi (1102/August 18, 1691), a mujtahid
of the twelfth hijri
century. He authored al-Qanun fi Jam al- Ulum, al-Budur al-Lawami
, a commentary on Jam al-Jawami
of Imam Subki (771/1370), Mashrab al-Am wa al-Khass
, a prolific treatise on the Shahadah
—along with his Muhadharat
, his Rihlah
, and other works. We narrate on his authority through Imam Abu al-Tayyib al-Shargi al-Fasi (1170/1757), the annotator of al-Qamus al-Muhit
, on the authority of his aunt, Zahra bint Muhammad b. Musa al-Fasi, the wife of Imam Abu Ali al-Yusi from him. He was born 1040/1361.
Imam Abu Abd-Allah Ibn Mandah, Muhammad b. Ishaq b. Muhammad b. Yahya b. Ibrahim Mandah b. al-Walid b. Sindah b. Battah b. Fayruzan b. Jahar al-Abdi al-Isfahani (395/September 13, 1005). With his passing, the compilation of hadith
is considered complete. We narrate his kitab al-Iman
on the authority of Um Yusuf Fatimah bint Muhammad b. Abd al-Hadi (719-803/1319-1401), on whose authority we also narrate his Amali
and his Ardaf al-Nabiy
. On his authority we also narrate Musnad Abi Hanifah
of Abu Muhammad Abd-Allah b. Muhammad b. Yaqub al-H
arithi (258-340/872-951)—through the authority of Zaynab Bint al-Kamal, and the Tafsir
of Abu Muhammad Ibn Abi H
atem al-Razi (327/939), and his Ilal
, the latter work through the authority of Maryam bint Ahmad al-Adraiyyah (719-805/1319-1403). Abu Abd-Allah Ibn Mandah, was born 310/922, the year Imam Tabari passed away.
Abu al-Abbas Ibn Abi H
ajalah, Ahmad b. Yahya b. Abu Bakr b. Abd al-Wah
id al-Tilimsani al-Mis
ri (776/May 10, 1375), the author of Diwan al-Sababah
, that inspired Abu Abd-Allah Ibn al-Khatib al-Gharnat
i (713-776/1313-1374) to write his Rawdhat al-Tarif
. Ibn Abi H
Imam Abu al-Hasan Ali b. Umar b. Ahmad b. Mahdi b. Masud b. al-Numan b. Dinar b. Abd-Allah al-Daraqut
ni al-Baghdadi was born in Thu al-Qidah (306/April 919). He is among our eminent forefathers in hadith
. Through his authority, we narrate kitab al-Thiqat
and other works of Imam Ibn H
ibban (354/965)—the compiler of the renowned Sahih: al-Taqasim wa al-Anwa
—who is one of Imam Daraqut
nis teachers. We also narrate his own Sunan
—through the authority of Fatimah bint Abd-Allah b. Muhammad al-H
awraniyyah (737-818/1337-1415)—his kitab al-Afrad
—in its five-volume abridgment by Abu al-Fadhl Muhamad b. T
ahir b. Ali al-Maqdisi (408-507/1017-1113)—his al-Mu`talif wa al-Mukhtalif
, al-Ilzimat wa al-Tatabbu
and his kitab al-Ilal
. Imam Daraqut
ni also passed in Thu al-Qidah (385/December 995).
Abu al-Husayn Ibn Mu t
i, Yahya b. Abd al-Mu t
i b. Abd al-Nur al-Zwawi al-H
anafi passed away in Thu al-Qidah (628/September 1231) the Imam of Arabic who authored the Alfiyyah
that Imam Abu Abd-Allah Ibn Malik (598-672/1202-1273) referred to in the beginning of his own Alfiyyah
, as having had the virtue of precedence ( fadhl al-sabq
). With due reverence and neither denial nor rebuttal, it should be noted that Imam Ahmad b. al-Mansur b. al-Agharr al-Yashkuri al-Dinawari (370/980) authored a poem in Arabic grammar (three centuries prior to Ibn Mu t
i) that contained 2,911 verses. Its introduction alluded to numerous similar works of varying length that also preceeded it.
Imam Abu al-Thana` Mahmud b. Abd al-Rahman b. Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abu Bakr b. Ali al-Is
fahani (749/February 1349), the eminent commentator on Minhaj al-Wusul
of Baydhawi (719/1319) and his Tawali al-Anwar
; and on al-Badi fi Usul al-Fiqh
of Imam al-Muz
affar Ibn al-Saati, Ahmad b. Ali b. Taghlib al-Baghdadi (694/1295); and on the renowned Mukhtasar
of Ibn al-H
ajib (646/1248). Abu al-Thana` was born Shaban (674/1275).
Zaynab b. Sulayman b. Ibrahim b. Rah
mah al-Isirdi also passed in Thu al-Qidah (705/June 1306), past her eightieth year. She narrates the Sahih
from our grandfather in hadith
, Abu Abd-Allah Ibn al-Zabidi, al-Husayn b. al-Mubarak b. Muhammad b. Imran b. al-Musallam b. Yahya (545-631/1150-1234).
Zaynab bint Yahya b. Sultan al-Ulama`, Abd al-Aziz b. Abd al-Salam al-Sulami also passed in Thu al-Qidah (735/July 1335). Along with her grandfathers works, on her authority we also narrate al-Mujam al-Saghir
abarani, the Juz
` of al-Hasan b. Arafah and numerous smaller hadith
collections. She was born (648/1250).
Queen Dilshad bint Dimashq Khwaja b. Joban ruled over the affairs of Iraq in her era. Her husband was viceroy. She also passed away in Thu al-Qidah (752/January 1352). Dilshad is Persian for joyful heart.
May Allah bless and have mercy upon them all